According to the operator's financial network report, industry insiders revealed that after the listing of some 5G mobile phones, manufacturers have found that the global 5G chip manufacturers are very poor, only five, mobile phone companies have very little choice for 5G chips.
The companies that can develop 5G chips are Huawei HiSilicon, Qualcomm, Samsung, MediaTek, and Ziguang.
Earlier this year, Huawei officially released the 5G multimode terminal chip, Balong 5000, to the world. The chip adopts 7nm process, download rate of up to 4.6Gbps in 5G network Sub-6GHz band, peak download rate of 6.5Gbps in mmWave (millimeter wave) band, industry support NR TDD and FDD full spectrum for the first time, synchronous support SA and NSA 5G networking mode. According to Huawei's introduction, Baron 5000 is the 5G terminal baseband chip with the highest integration and highest performance in the industry. It is not only the world's first single-chip multimode 5G baseband chip, but also supports 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G single-chip solutions, with lower power consumption and better performance.
Qualcomm also released the second 5G baseband chip Snapdragon X55 this year, based on 7nm process technology. The single chip supports 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G multimode, and supports millimeter wave and below 6GHz frequency band, supporting TDD and FDD standards. Support independent, non-independent networking mode. In 5G mode, the Opteron X55 can achieve download speeds of up to 7Gbps and upload speeds of up to 3Gbps. It also supports Cat 22 LTE for download speeds of up to 2.5 Gbps.
Samsung released its first 5G baseband chip Exynos Modem 5100 last year. In terms of specifications, Exynos Modem 5100 chip is built with 10nm LPP technology, supports Sub 6GHz low frequency (used in China) and mmWave (millimeter wave) high frequency, backward compatible with 2G/3G/4G, including but not limited to GSM, CDMA, WCDMA , TD-SCDMA, HSPA, 4G LTE, etc. The Exynos Modem 5100 can achieve a download rate of up to 2 Gbps at Sub 6 GHz, a 6 Gbps download rate in the millimeter wave band, and a 4 Gbps speed to 1.6 Gbps.
MediaTek released its 5G mobile platform in May this year. The multimode 5G system single-chip (SoC) is manufactured in 7nm process with built-in 5G modem Helio M70. This multimode 5G mobile platform is suitable for 5G independent and non-independent (SA). /NSA) Network architecture Sub-6GHz frequency band, support compatible from 2G to 4G generations of connection technology. It has a download speed of 4.7 Gbps and an upload speed of 2.5 Gbps.
Ziguang Zhanrui also released the 5G baseband chip Ivyo 510 at MWC 2019 held in February this year. It adopts TSMC's 12nm process technology, supports a number of 5G key technologies, can achieve 2G/3G/4G/5G multiple communication modes, conforms to the latest 3GPP R15 standard specifications, supports Sub-6GHz frequency band and 100MHz bandwidth, is a high integration High-performance, low-power 5G baseband chip. In addition, the Ivy 510 can support both SA (independent networking) and NSA (non-independent networking) networking methods to fully meet the different communication and networking requirements in the 5G development phase. The downlink peak rate is 1.5 Gbps in the NSA 2.6G band.
Since the 5G baseband chip needs to be compatible with 2G/3G/4G networks at the same time, the modes and frequency bands that need to be supported are greatly increased. Everbright Securities pointed out in a research report that the current 4G mobile phone needs to support the mode of 6 models, and will reach 7 modules in the 5G era, the chip design complexity will be greatly improved. For chip manufacturers, they need stronger technical research and development strength. Among them, Intel, which is optimistic about the industry, has not been able to hand over satisfactory answers and simply sold the baseband business to Apple.
Such high requirements and design complexity have led to the emergence of few global 5G chip manufacturers, but even if there is an oligopoly trend, the competition is still fierce. In the face of 5G, this cake is not willing to eat less. What's more, there are still many chip manufacturers rushing into this echelon, and the future ups and downs will still be expected.